Punjab (Urdu & Punjabi: پنجاب, romanized: Panjāb , (Five waters) is Pakistan’s most populous province, with a population of about 110,012,442 as of 2017. Forming the bulk of the transnational Punjab region of Pakistan and India, it is bordered by the Pakistani provinces of Sindh, Balochistan, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the enclave of Islamabad, and Pakistan administered Azad Kashmir. It also shares borders with the Indian states of Punjab, Rajasthan, and the Indian-administered territory of Jammu and Kashmir. The capital is Lahore, a cultural, historical, economic and cosmopolitan centre of Pakistan where the country’s cinema industry, and much of its fashion industry, are based. Punjab is also the world’s fifth-most populous subnational entity, and the most populous outside China or India.
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